Research conducted by Texas Tech University, Bayer CropScience and the National Center for Genome Resources (NCGR) resulted in a new draft sequence of a diploid cotton A-genome. According to a Cotton Incorporated press release, the researchers made the draft sequence publically available in December to help speed to market more environmentally- friendly cotton varieties and research, both in demand among producers, processors, manufacturers and consumers.
The annotated draft genome assembly released is from gossypium arboretum, an African and Asian cotton species that’s an extant representative of the cotton A-genome lineage. The species is commonly paired with the D-genome lineage to form present day cultivated cottons. The A-genome species gave rise to spinable fiber eventually leading to what is today the modern-day textile industry.
Dr. Thea Wilkins, former Professor of Cotton Genomics in Texas Tech’s Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, led the research in close collaboration with scientists at Bayer CropScience and next-generation genomic sequencing technology and bio-computing providers, KeyGene and NCGR.
This research was completed under a public-private partnership between the State of Texas, Texas Tech University, and Bayer CropScience.